Age-Related Macular Degeneration
The role that good sight plays in all human beings is very critical and cannot be underestimated. Eyesight makes one of the most key human beings’ senses. With time eyes develop conditions and diseases that interfere with the normal functioning of the eye. These eye conditions and diseases if not promptly and properly attended to might lead to blurred vision or total blindness. Amongst the eye diseases that may cost one’s eyesight is Age-related Macular Degeneration. Read on to understand more about this eye disease.
What is Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
One of the core parts of the eye is the retina. The retina is made up of macula, a light-sensitive tissue of the retina with photoreceptor cells that convert light into impulses, and transmits them to the brain for interpretation, to enable seeing. Aged-related macular degeneration is an eye condition that causes loss of central vision, arising from damaged macular by old age. Whereas aged-related macular degeneration does not lead to complete loss of sight, it can greatly interfere with your ability to make out faces, words, and drive. Furthermore, the blurred vision as a result of aged-macular degeneration will affect normal house chores such as cooking and repairing and fixing stuff in your home.
Types of Aged-related macular degeneration
There are two major types of aged-related macular degeneration namely; Dry and Wet age-related macular degeneration. Dry AMD is the most common one whereby the macular becomes thinner as you advance in age. Dry AMD manifests in three stages Early, Intermediate and Late stages. It is hard for you to notice vision interference at the early stage of dry age-related macular degeneration and therefore you should have regular eye checkups so that the disease is arrested early enough before it advances to irremediable dry AMD late stage. Wet age-related macular degeneration can be considered the late stage of dry age-related macular degeneration. It is however a very uncommon type of AMD. Wet AMD happens when untypical blood vessels grow under the macular. The weakness of these unusual blood vessels leads to fluid leakage on the macular therefore scarring it. Wet age-related macular degeneration in most cases will lead to rapid loss of sight.
Observable age-related macular degeneration symptoms and Treatment
Age-related macular degeneration is a continuing disease and therefore symptoms become noticeable as the condition worsens. At the early dry stage of age-related macular degeneration, there are no noticeable symptoms and this should be a reason for you to have your eyes checked by your doctor often as your age advances. In intermediate dry AMD, indistinctness in your central vision is common and also you will struggle to see clearly in low lighting. In Late dry AMD and wet ADM type, you will notice that straight lines begin to appear wavy and an area of fogginess in your central vision’ Furthermore, you will struggle to see in low lighting and colors may start appearing dull. Early and intermediate dry types of AMD may be corrected by diet supplements such as the inclusion of more vitamins and minerals in your diet whereas late dry stage type and wet AMD can be treated through retina transplant.